The year 2017 saw an upsurge of the deadly dengue fever in India with more than 18,700 -18,800 cases being reported from all over the country. Though the southern and eastern parts of the nation are among the worst-affected regions, the northern and central parts are also not free from its clutches.
For this reason, the ministry has instructed the states to enhance their awareness campaigns to check the spread of this vector-borne disease.
There is no exaggeration in the fact that dengue happens to be the greatest viral ailment or rather, executioner in the world as it is recorded to take the lives of more than fifty million people every year. The last two decades saw about thirty fold enhancement in its occurrence in this country.
Previously, dengue just reported some secluded cases. But this gradually turned into a glaring phenomenon in the subcontinent of India ever since its insurgence in the year 1996. The ever-increasing population in the semi-urban and urban areas is actually worsening the situation, in this case. This year, too, several patients have been tested positive for dengue.
How is Dengue Caused and Spread?
The dengue fever has been around ever since the year 1779. However, the details on the cause and transmission of this disease came to light only in the 20th century.
It has been found out that it is caused by the virus of the family Flaviviridae. It is mainly spread by the bites of the mosquito named Aedes Aegypti. They are known to bite late at night and early in the morning. Even a single bite can infect a person with the disease.
There is no antiviral vaccination or therapy to prevent dengue. The Aedes mosquito breeds and flourishes in water that is stagnant or stored. That is why, for preventing dengue the erstwhile methods have to be followed.
Symptoms to Look Out for Dengue Fever
Following are the symptoms that you should look out for as these, under most circumstances, signify the onset of this fever.
- High Fever
- Joint and Muscle Pain
- Skin Rashes
These symptoms may not be conclusive but they, under most cases, actually help you to assess the commencement of this ailment, at an early stage. That is why you should get yourself checked the moment you start experiencing any of these symptoms.
Nevertheless, many people ignore the early symptoms and this results in a more serious form of dengue fever. In this case, the symptoms will include the following.
- Low levels of Blood Platelets
- Low Blood Pressure Level
- Leakage of Blood Plasma
Dengue is an ailment that has far-reaching consequences and thus, you should seek medical assistance during the early symptoms itself.
Preventive Measures to Restrict the Spread of Dengue
In order to protect us and our loved ones from the ongoing dengue threat, there are certain preventive methods. Just read on to know that.
- The Aedes mosquito breeds both in dirty and fresh water. That is why you should ensure that no water gets to be stored or accumulated in or near the vicinity of your house and community.
- Since Aedes is the vector that is responsible for spreading dengue, the best method of preventing it is to eradicate the growth and breeding of this kind of mosquito.
- Make effort and keep your environ clean, empty out bins, pots, empty vessels and trunks that are unnecessarily storing water.
- There should be sufficient amount of water supply and waste management for preventing the breeding of this kind of mosquito.
- You must pour kerosene oil in the stagnating water in pot or coolers or any other water storing vessels.
- Make sure you dispose of any type of bottles, tyres or any other props that can serve as mosquito breeding place.
- Make use of any kind of mosquito coils, mosquito nets, aerosols and mats to prevent any kind of mosquito bite for you and your family.
- You should also drain drinking water storage containers on a regular basis. The water storage tanks should be regularly kept covered and cleaned.
- When you are susceptible to the mosquito bites, try applying the mosquito repellent creams especially, in the mornings and at nights.
- As a precaution, make sure that the mosquitos do not succeed in biting you. Wear full-sleeved garments so that your entire body is covered and thus, mosquitos stay away from you.
- Ensure that you close all doors and windows at night and in the early mornings, so that the mosquitos do not enter inside your house.
The above are some of the ways in which dengue can be prevented. Make sure that you keep the symptoms and preventions in mind. You should also keep track of your body temperature and even if you find out that you even have a slight fever after checking with a reliable digital thermometer you should not ignore it and get yourself checked as precaution is always better than cure.